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The information on this site is from academic and research studies. Applicability to humans must be determined by a licensed medical professional.

Partial list of Citations used for Recommendations or Conditions

Recent additions may not be included. There is an intentional delay in making those available.

  1. Studies on the antimicrobial activity of Nigella sativa seed (black cumin).
    Journal of ethnopharmacology (J Ethnopharmacol ) Vol: 34 Issue 2-3 Pages: 275-8
    Pub: 1991 Sep Epub:
    • Hanafy MS
    • Hatem ME

  2. In vitro antimicrobial activity of five essential oils on multidrug resistant Gram-negative clinical isolates.
    Journal of intercultural ethnopharmacology (J Intercult Ethnopharmacol ) Vol: 5 Issue 3 Pages: 212-8
    Pub: 2016 Jun-Aug Epub: 2016 May 30
    • Sakkas H
    • Gousia P
    • Economou V
    • Sakkas V
    • Petsios S
    • Papadopoulou C

  3. Final report on the safety assessment of capsicum annuum extract, capsicum annuum fruit extract, capsicum annuum resin, capsicum annuum fruit powder, capsicum frutescens fruit, capsicum frutescens fruit extract, capsicum frutescens resin, and capsaicin.
    International journal of toxicology (Int J Toxicol ) Vol: 26 Suppl 1 Issue Pages: 3-106
    Pub: 2007 Epub:

  4. Additional sources and private correspondance
    Private Correspondance (Private Correspondance ) Vol: 1 Issue Pages: 8-12
    Pub: 2018 Epub:
  5. Empirical prediction and validation of antibacterial inhibitory effects of various plant essential oils on common pathogenic bacteria.
    International journal of food microbiology (Int J Food Microbiol ) Vol: 202 Issue Pages: 35-41
    Pub: 2015 Jun 2 Epub: 2015 Feb 28
    • Akdemir Evrendilek G

  6. Biodegradable gelatin-chitosan films incorporated with essential oils as antimicrobial agents for fish preservation.
    Food microbiology (Food Microbiol ) Vol: 27 Issue 7 Pages: 889-96
    Pub: 2010 Oct Epub: 2010 May 15
    • Gómez-Estaca J
    • López de Lacey A
    • López-Caballero ME
    • Gómez-Guillén MC
    • Montero P

  7. Membrane disruption and anti-quorum sensing effects of synergistic interaction between Lavandula angustifolia (lavender oil) in combination with antibiotic against plasmid-conferred multi-drug-resistant Escherichia coli.
    Journal of applied microbiology (J Appl Microbiol ) Vol: 116 Issue 5 Pages: 1119-28
    Pub: 2014 May Epub: 2014 Feb 14
    • Yap PS
    • Krishnan T
    • Yiap BC
    • Hu CP
    • Chan KG
    • Lim SH

  8. Antimicrobial activity of essential oils and other plant extracts.
    Journal of applied microbiology (J Appl Microbiol ) Vol: 86 Issue 6 Pages: 985-90
    Pub: 1999 Jun Epub:
    • Hammer KA
    • Carson CF
    • Riley TV

  9. Phytonutrient diet supplementation promotes beneficial Clostridia species and intestinal mucus secretion resulting in protection against enteric infection.
    Scientific reports (Sci Rep ) Vol: 5 Issue Pages: 9253
    Pub: 2015 Mar 19 Epub: 2015 Mar 19
    • Wlodarska M
    • Willing BP
    • Bravo DM
    • Finlay BB

  10. The ongoing battle against multi-resistant strains: in-vitro inhibition of hospital-acquired MRSA, VRE, Pseudomonas, ESBL E. coli and Klebsiella species in the presence of plant-derived antiseptic oils.
    Journal of cranio-maxillo-facial surgery : official publication of the European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery (J Craniomaxillofac Surg ) Vol: 41 Issue 4 Pages: 321-6
    Pub: 2013 Jun Epub: 2012 Nov 29
    • Warnke PH
    • Lott AJ
    • Sherry E
    • Wiltfang J
    • Podschun R

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