The information on this site is from academic and research studies. Applicability to humans must be determined by a licensed medical professional.

Partial list of Citations used for Recommendations or Conditions

Recent additions may not be included. There is an intentional delay in making those available.

  1. Probiotic E. coli treatment mediates antimicrobial human beta-defensin synthesis and fecal excretion in humans.
    Mucosal immunology (Mucosal Immunol ) Vol: 2 Issue 2 Pages: 166-72
    Pub: 2009 Mar Epub: 2008 Nov 26
    • Möndel M
    • Schroeder BO
    • Zimmermann K
    • Huber H
    • Nuding S
    • Beisner J
    • Fellermann K
    • Stange EF
    • Wehkamp J

  2. Antagonistic activity of probiotic lactobacilli and bifidobacteria against entero- and uropathogens.
    Journal of applied microbiology (J Appl Microbiol ) Vol: 100 Issue 6 Pages: 1324-32
    Pub: 2006 Jun Epub:
    • Hütt P
    • Shchepetova J
    • Lõivukene K
    • Kullisaar T
    • Mikelsaar M

  3. Multiple effects of Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 on growth, biofilm formation, and inflammation cytokines profile of Clostridium perfringens type A strain CP4.
    Pathogens and disease (Pathog Dis ) Vol: 70 Issue 3 Pages: 390-400
    Pub: 2014 Apr Epub: 2014 Mar 11
    • Jiang Y
    • Kong Q
    • Roland KL
    • Wolf A
    • Curtiss R 3rd

  4. Effect of <i>Bacillus subtilis</i> and <i>Bacillus licheniformis</i> supplementation in diets with low- and high-protein content on ileal crude protein and amino acid digestibility and intestinal microbiota composition of growing pigs.
    Journal of animal science and biotechnology (J Anim Sci Biotechnol ) Vol: 8 Issue Pages: 37
    Pub: 2017 Epub: 2017 May 1
    • Kaewtapee C
    • Burbach K
    • Tomforde G
    • Hartinger T
    • Camarinha-Silva A
    • Heinritz S
    • Seifert J
    • Wiltafsky M
    • Mosenthin R
    • Rosenfelder-Kuon P

  5. Effect of Formula Containing Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 on Fecal Microbiota of Infants Born by Cesarean-Section.
    Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition (J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr ) Vol: 63 Issue 6 Pages: 681-687
    Pub: 2016 Dec Epub:
    • Garcia Rodenas CL
    • Lepage M
    • Ngom-Bru C
    • Fotiou A
    • Papagaroufalis K
    • Berger B

  6. Probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri attenuates the stressor-enhanced severity of Citrobacter rodentium infection.
    Infection and immunity (Infect Immun ) Vol: 81 Issue 9 Pages: 3253-63
    Pub: 2013 Sep Epub: 2013 Jun 24
    • Mackos AR
    • Eubank TD
    • Parry NM
    • Bailey MT

  7. Effects of probiotics Pediococcus acidilactici strain MA18/5M and Saccharomyces cerevisiae subsp. boulardii strain SB-CNCM I-1079 on fecal and intestinal microbiota of nursing and weanling piglets.
    Journal of animal science (J Anim Sci ) Vol: 93 Issue 11 Pages: 5313-26
    Pub: 2015 Nov Epub:
    • Brousseau JP
    • Talbot G
    • Beaudoin F
    • Lauzon K
    • Roy D
    • Lessard M

  8. Changes in fecal microflora induced by intubation of mice with Bacillus subtilis (natto) spores are dependent upon dietary components.
    Canadian journal of microbiology (Can J Microbiol ) Vol: 45 Issue 1 Pages: 59-66
    Pub: 1999 Jan Epub:
    • Hosoi T
    • Ametani A
    • Kiuchi K
    • Kaminogawa S

  9. Ability of Lactobacillus kefiri LKF01 (DSM32079) to colonize the intestinal environment and modify the gut microbiota composition of healthy individuals.
    Digestive and liver disease : official journal of the Italian Society of Gastroenterology and the Italian Association for the Study of the Liver (Dig Liver Dis ) Vol: 49 Issue 3 Pages: 261-267
    Pub: 2017 Mar Epub: 2016 Dec 6
    • Toscano M
    • De Grandi R
    • Miniello VL
    • Mattina R
    • Drago L

  10. Role of probiotics in the treatment of minimal hepatic encephalopathy in patients with HBV-induced liver cirrhosis.
    The Journal of international medical research (J Int Med Res ) Vol: 46 Issue 9 Pages: 3596-3604
    Pub: 2018 Sep Epub: 2018 May 28
    • Xia X
    • Chen J
    • Xia J
    • Wang B
    • Liu H
    • Yang L
    • Wang Y
    • Ling Z

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