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The information on this site is from academic and research studies. Applicability to humans must be determined by a licensed medical professional.

Partial list of Citations used for Recommendations or Conditions

Recent additions may not be included. There is an intentional delay in making those available.

  1. Fermentation of non-digestible raffinose family oligosaccharides and galactomannans by probiotics.
    Food & function (Food Funct ) Vol: 9 Issue 3 Pages: 1638-1646
    Pub: 2018 Mar 1 Epub: 2018 Feb 21
    • Zartl B
    • Silberbauer K
    • Loeppert R
    • Viernstein H
    • Praznik W
    • Mueller M

  2. The fermentation of lactulose by colonic bacteria.
    Journal of general microbiology (J Gen Microbiol ) Vol: 128 Issue 2 Pages: 319-25
    Pub: 1982 Feb Epub:
    • Sahota SS
    • Bramley PM
    • Menzies IS

  3. Dose-Dependent Prebiotic Effect of Lactulose in a Computer-Controlled In Vitro Model of the Human Large Intestine.
    Nutrients (Nutrients ) Vol: 9 Issue 7 Pages:
    Pub: 2017 Jul 18 Epub: 2017 Jul 18
    • Bothe MK
    • Maathuis AJH
    • Bellmann S
    • van der Vossen JMBM
    • Berressem D
    • Koehler A
    • Schwejda-Guettes S
    • Gaigg B
    • Kuchinka-Koch A
    • Stover JF

  4. Effects of inulin and di-D-fructose dianhydride-enriched caramels on intestinal microbiota composition and performance of broiler chickens.
    Animal : an international journal of animal bioscience (Animal ) Vol: 7 Issue 11 Pages: 1779-88
    Pub: 2013 Nov Epub: 2013 Sep 10
    • Peinado MJ
    • Echávarri A
    • Ruiz R
    • Suárez-Pereira E
    • Ortiz Mellet C
    • García Fernández JM
    • Rubio LA

  5. Dietary cellulose, fructooligosaccharides, and pectin modify fecal protein catabolites and microbial populations in adult cats.
    Journal of animal science (J Anim Sci ) Vol: 88 Issue 9 Pages: 2978-87
    Pub: 2010 Sep Epub: 2010 May 21
    • Barry KA
    • Wojcicki BJ
    • Middelbos IS
    • Vester BM
    • Swanson KS
    • Fahey GC Jr

  6. Blood lactose after dairy product intake in healthy men.
    The British journal of nutrition (Br J Nutr ) Vol: 118 Issue 12 Pages: 1070-1077
    Pub: 2017 Dec Epub: 2017 Dec 4
    • Pimentel G
    • Burton KJ
    • Rosikiewicz M
    • Freiburghaus C
    • von Ah U
    • Münger LH
    • Pralong FP
    • Vionnet N
    • Greub G
    • Badertscher R
    • Vergères G

  7. Of the milk sugars, galactose, but not prebiotic galacto-oligosaccharide, improves insulin sensitivity in male Sprague-Dawley rats.
    PloS one (PLoS One ) Vol: 12 Issue 2 Pages: e0172260
    Pub: 2017 Epub: 2017 Feb 16
    • Stahel P
    • Kim JJ
    • Xiao C
    • Cant JP

  8. Effect of prebiotic carbohydrates on growth, bile survival and cholesterol uptake abilities of dairy-related bacteria.
    Journal of the science of food and agriculture (J Sci Food Agric ) Vol: 94 Issue 6 Pages: 1184-90
    Pub: 2014 Apr Epub: 2013 Nov 1
    • Ziar H
    • Gérard P
    • Riazi A

  9. In situ prebiotics for weaning piglets: in vitro production and fermentation of potato galacto-rhamnogalacturonan.
    Applied and environmental microbiology (Appl Environ Microbiol ) Vol: 81 Issue 5 Pages: 1668-78
    Pub: 2015 Mar Epub: 2014 Dec 19
    • Strube ML
    • Ravn HC
    • Ingerslev HC
    • Meyer AS
    • Boye M

  10. Contribution of acetate to butyrate formation by human faecal bacteria.
    The British journal of nutrition (Br J Nutr ) Vol: 91 Issue 6 Pages: 915-23
    Pub: 2004 Jun Epub:
    • Duncan SH
    • Holtrop G
    • Lobley GE
    • Calder AG
    • Stewart CS
    • Flint HJ

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