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The information on this site is from academic and research studies. Applicability to humans must be determined by a licensed medical professional.

Partial list of Citations used for Recommendations or Conditions

Recent additions may not be included. There is an intentional delay in making those available.

  1. Effects of Consuming Xylitol on Gut Microbiota and Lipid Metabolism in Mice.
    Nutrients (Nutrients ) Vol: 9 Issue 7 Pages:
    Pub: 2017 Jul 14 Epub: 2017 Jul 14
    • Uebanso T
    • Kano S
    • Yoshimoto A
    • Naito C
    • Shimohata T
    • Mawatari K
    • Takahashi A

  2. Dietary soy, meat, and fish proteins modulate the effects of prebiotic raffinose on composition and fermentation of gut microbiota in rats.
    International journal of food sciences and nutrition (Int J Food Sci Nutr ) Vol: 69 Issue 4 Pages: 480-487
    Pub: 2018 Jun Epub: 2017 Sep 28
    • Bai G
    • Tsuruta T
    • Nishino N

  3. Fermentation of non-digestible raffinose family oligosaccharides and galactomannans by probiotics.
    Food & function (Food Funct ) Vol: 9 Issue 3 Pages: 1638-1646
    Pub: 2018 Mar 1 Epub: 2018 Feb 21
    • Zartl B
    • Silberbauer K
    • Loeppert R
    • Viernstein H
    • Praznik W
    • Mueller M

  4. Dietary Chitosan Supplementation Increases Microbial Diversity and Attenuates the Severity of <i>Citrobacter rodentium</i> Infection in Mice.
    Mediators of inflammation (Mediators Inflamm ) Vol: 2016 Issue Pages: 9236196
    Pub: 2016 Epub: 2016 Sep 28
    • Guan G
    • Wang H
    • Chen S
    • Liu G
    • Xiong X
    • Tan B
    • Duraipandiyan V
    • Al-Dhabi NA
    • Fang J

  5. Of the milk sugars, galactose, but not prebiotic galacto-oligosaccharide, improves insulin sensitivity in male Sprague-Dawley rats.
    PloS one (PLoS One ) Vol: 12 Issue 2 Pages: e0172260
    Pub: 2017 Epub: 2017 Feb 16
    • Stahel P
    • Kim JJ
    • Xiao C
    • Cant JP

  6. Effect of prebiotic carbohydrates on growth, bile survival and cholesterol uptake abilities of dairy-related bacteria.
    Journal of the science of food and agriculture (J Sci Food Agric ) Vol: 94 Issue 6 Pages: 1184-90
    Pub: 2014 Apr Epub: 2013 Nov 1
    • Ziar H
    • Gérard P
    • Riazi A

  7. Effect of chitosan on the growth of human colonic bacteria.
    Folia microbiologica (Folia Microbiol (Praha) ) Vol: 51 Issue 4 Pages: 306-8
    Pub: 2006 Epub:
    • Simunek J
    • Tishchenko G
    • Hodrová B
    • Bartonová H

  8. Fermentable non-starch polysaccharides increases the abundance of Bacteroides-Prevotella-Porphyromonas in ileal microbial community of growing pigs.
    Animal : an international journal of animal bioscience (Animal ) Vol: 8 Issue 11 Pages: 1777-87
    Pub: 2014 Nov Epub: 2014 Jul 21
    • Ivarsson E
    • Roos S
    • Liu HY
    • Lindberg JE

  9. Sugar enhances outer membrane fusion in Deinococcus grandis spheroplasts to generate calcium ion-dependent extra-huge cells.
    FEMS microbiology letters (FEMS Microbiol Lett ) Vol: 366 Issue 8 Pages:
    Pub: 2019 Apr 1 Epub:
    • Nishino K
    • Tsuchikado R
    • Nishida H

  10. Effect of chito-oligosaccharides over human faecal microbiota during fermentation in batch cultures.
    Carbohydrate polymers (Carbohydr Polym ) Vol: 137 Issue Pages: 617-624
    Pub: 2016 Feb 10 Epub: 2015 Nov 10
    • Mateos-Aparicio I
    • Mengíbar M
    • Heras A

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For More information see this summary.