The information on this site is from academic and research studies. Applicability to humans must be determined by a licensed medical professional.

Partial list of Citations used for Recommendations or Conditions

Recent additions may not be included. There is an intentional delay in making those available.

  1. In vitro antimicrobial activity of bismuth subsalicylate and other bismuth salts.
    Reviews of infectious diseases (Rev Infect Dis ) Vol: 12 Suppl 1 Issue Pages: S11-5
    Pub: 1990 Jan-Feb Epub:
    • Manhart MD

  2. Antimicrobial activity of bismuth subsalicylate on Clostridium difficile, Escherichia coli O157:H7, norovirus, and other common enteric pathogens.
    Gut microbes (Gut Microbes ) Vol: 6 Issue 2 Pages: 93-100
    Pub: 2015 Epub:
    • Pitz AM
    • Park GW
    • Lee D
    • Boissy YL
    • Vinjé J

  3. In vitro antibacterial activity of bismuth subsalicylate.
    Reviews of infectious diseases (Rev Infect Dis ) Vol: 12 Suppl 1 Issue Pages: S9-10
    Pub: 1990 Jan-Feb Epub:
    • Cornick NA
    • Silva M
    • Gorbach SL

  4. Toxicity of Methylated Bismuth Compounds Produced by Intestinal Microorganisms to Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron, a Member of the Physiological Intestinal Microbiota.
    Journal of toxicology (J Toxicol ) Vol: 2011 Issue Pages: 608349
    Pub: 2011 Epub: 2011 Sep 28
    • Bialek B
    • Diaz-Bone RA
    • Pieper D
    • Hollmann M
    • Hensel R

  5. Helicobacter pylori eradication with bismuth quadruple therapy leads to dysbiosis of gut microbiota with an increased relative abundance of Proteobacteria and decreased relative abundances of Bacteroidetes and Actinobacteria.
    Helicobacter (Helicobacter ) Vol: Issue Pages: e12498
    Pub: 2018 Jun 13 Epub: 2018 Jun 13
    • Hsu PI
    • Pan CY
    • Kao JY
    • Tsay FW
    • Peng NJ
    • Kao SS
    • Wang HM
    • Tsai TJ
    • Wu DC
    • Chen CL
    • Tsai KW
    • Taiwan Acid-related Disease (TARD) Study Group.

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